Bulb ovoid, 1-2.5 cm diam.; outer tunics greyish-brown, membranous, becoming fibrous and prolonged upon stem; bulblets yellowish-brown. Stem 50-100 cm. Leaves 3-5, 2-10 mm broad, flat, with scabridulous keel and margins. Spathe 1-valved, soon caducous. Umbel globose, 3-6 cm diam., many-flowered, dense. Pedicels unequal, bracteolate at base. Perianth urceolate-campanulate; segments usually dark purple or blackish-maroon, sometimes vinous-purple, rarely dirty greenish, 3.5-5 mm, outer ovate to oblong, smooth or scabrid, inner ovate, smooth, obtuse. Stamens exserted; median cusp of inner filaments shorter than basal lamina and shorter or as long as lateral cusps. Anthers dark purple. Capsule 2.5 mm. 2n = 16. Fl 6-7. Cultivated fields, vineyards, field and forest margins, meadows, fallow fields, stony slopes, rock crevices, steppic hills, 5-2000 m.
Eastern C. Europe, Balkans, N. Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Caucasia, C. Asia.