Plants ± stout, 20-50 cm. Stem ±leafy. Flowers 3-8. Sepals large, 12-16 x 5-9 mm, spreading or reflexed, oblong, violet-rose or whitish, with green mid-vein. Petals triangular-ligulate, margins revolute, c. 5 mm, greenish or purplish, velvety. Labellum 3-lobed; lateral lobes forming villous cones; middle lobe convex, ± rectangular, margins recurved, dark red-brown, velvety, with glabrous, yellowish-green, deflexed appendix; speculum scutelliform, with yellowish margin, encircling a red-brown basal zone, extending laterally and apically. Column with 2-3 mm ± flexuous connective. Ovary much enlarged after flowering, erect. Mostly autogamous. Fl. 5-6. Grassy limestone hillsides, macchie, phrygana, meadows, roadsides, coniferous and deciduous forest, cemeteries, s.l.-750 m.
W. & C. Europe, Mediterranean area, eastwards to Caucasus and N. Iran.