Differs from R. hybrida in its petals which are red with black blotches at the base, the filaments of the stamens dilated,the capsule attenuate at the apex, glabrous except for 4 setae which extend above and between the stigma lobes. Fl. 6.
Transcaucasia, Iran, Afghanistan, W. Pakistan. Ir.-Tur. element.
Differs from subsp. refracta in its sepal margins with very short branched hairs. Subsp, occidentalis tends to be a smaller plant, with only a few specimens taller than 30 cm.
Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. Ir.-Tur. element