Yeni düzenleme: Var lasiocarpa ; Var monogyna
Shrub or small tree up to 10 m; axillary spines 0,7-2 cm; leafy spines longer, scanty. Leaves ovate or obovate in outline, up to 5 x 4 cm, base cuneate or subtruncate, dark green above, glaucous beneath, glabrous to pubescent; lobes 3-5, deeply divided, acute or obtuse, entire or sparsely dentate near the apices; lower leaves on fruiting shoots sometimes only shallowly lobed or coarsely dentate; petioles up to 3 cm. Inflorescence lax, 10-18-flowered; flowers white or pinkish, 8-15 mm diam.; sepals triangular, reflexed in fruit; style 1. Fruit red or brownish-red, subglobose or ovoid, 6-10 mm diam., glabrous. Fl. 4-6. Hillsides, macchie, Quercus scrub, mixed forests, roadsides, s.l.-1800m.
1. Twigs, leaves and hypanthium glabrous or with a few scattered hairs subsp. monogyna
1. Twigs, leaves and hypanthium pubescent subsp. azarella
Distribution of species; throughout Europe, Cyprus, Syria, N. Iraq.