Centaurea antiochia

Centaurea antiochia

 Sultan dikeni

Perennial. Stem erect, 30-100 cm, with few long branches, hirsute or sparsely tomentose to subglabrous. Leaves with scattered short hairs, glabrescent, lower interruptedly pinnatifid or pinnatisect with numerous lanceolate lateral segments, entire to dentate or pinnatilobate, terminal segments sometimes slightly larger, median leaves pinnatifid to lyrate. Involucre 20-27 x 18-25 mm, subglobose to ovoid. Appendages small, brown, with 5-13 cilia 2-5 mm on each side, gradually narrowed into terminal spine, 5-25 mm -incl. spine-. Flowers blackish-purple. Achenes 5-6 mm; pappus 5-9 mm. Fl. 5-6. Macchie, Pinus brutia forest, rocky slopes, 150-500-1000 m.
1.Appendages -incl. spine- 15-25 mm…………………var antiochia 
 1.Appendages  5-10 mm……………………… var praealta
Endemic. E. Medit. Element